How to make Natural Armature Trees for Miniatures & Wargames Scenery – 2019

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A few weeks ago I shared a post showing how to make your own Trees from scratch. In this week’s Brushstroke tutorial we’re going to take a look at making trees using natural armatures.

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How to make Natural Armature Trees – Paints & Tools

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Complete

Tools

Paints

  • Stormvermin Fur (optional)

How to make Natural Armature Trees – Tutorial

Step 1 – Find Branches

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 1a

The main structure of the tree is formed from a piece of branch. In this case, I used a privet hedge branch from a hobby materials supplier. The main advantages of which is the convenience of them being pre-cleaned & processed and available all year round.

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 1b

Select a piece which roughly suits the size and shape you’re looking for. Trim off the thinner twigs to leave the core shape. Bear in mind major branches can also be altered. Often a simple rotation of a branch makes all the difference in achieving the shape you want. To reposition a branch, cleanly cut it from the structure and pin it back in the desired position. Disguising the join can be achieved by filling any gap with superglue dusted with baking soda. Larger gaps may need a small piece of spare bark to be applied too.

All-natural products will always have imperfections but with a creative eye, you can use them to your advantage and achieve a more natural-looking finish.

Step 2 – Create a Finer Structure

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 2a

The smaller branches of the tree will be formed from seafoam. “Seafoam” is a plant whose seed/flower stalks grow very similar to the shape of actual deciduous trees. It can be bought as a dried product from modelling suppliers.

Whole dried stalks of seafoam can actually be used very effectively to model small trees on their own. However, in this case, cut small pieces off and superglue them individually to the ends of each branch of the privet branch structure.

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 2b

Continue to build up the shape of the tree with seafoam pieces until the desired shape is achieved.

Step 3 – Strengthening

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 3a

The drawback of using seafoam is just how fragile and brittle it is. There is, however, a brilliant solution which makes it far more resilient and robust.

Big thanks to Luke, from Luke’s APS, for this tip!

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 3b

Once the tree is the required shape, you need to cover it with a layer of liquid latex rubber. This is brilliant because the seafoam is so dry it actually absorbs the latex into itself, as well as forming a coating around it. Once set, it makes the seafoam rubbery and far more resilient.

Pour the latex into a large bowl then either dunk the seafoam directly into it or use a small cup to pour it over more difficult to reach areas. I try and keep it off the main branches and trunk, as it dries as a horrible yellow-grey skin, which spoils the look of the tree. Bubble membranes will form over the gaps in the seafoam, so be sure to pop them before it sets. Thinning the latex with a little water helps reduce the number of bubbles formed.

Step 4 – Colour Matching

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 4a

After the latex rubber is dry, peel / cut away any excess splashes on the branches and trunk.

I found the colour difference between the dry latex and the privet branch bark was quite ugly and distracting to the eye.

I decided it would look better to lightly paint the latex and blend it into the bark colour.

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 4b

Mask off the main bark areas and either rattle can, airbrush or hand brush on a brown paint colour which closely matches the bark colour. In this case, I applied two thin coats of GW’s Stormvermin Fur.

Step 5 – Flocking

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 5a

Once the seafoam paint was dry it was time to add the leaf flock to the tree.

For this I used three shades of red fine scatter flock mixed together. I added a tiny sprinkle of green in there too, just for younger leaves.

Spray the branches with a clear varnish and sprinkle the flock lightly over. Repeat the process of spraying and sprinkling to build up the texture and coverage to a point you’re happy with.

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 5b

Leave the tree to fully dry before brushing away excess flock build up in unwanted areas. eg on main branches and trunk.

As a final sealant, I misted all the leaves with watered down PVA glue, using a plant misting spray bottle. Once dried it should prevent unwanted leaf drop.

Step 6 – Basing

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Step 6

The choice of how you base your tree is as endless as the different trees you can make. I opted for a simple rocky grassland base and held the tree in place with a pin (section of a paperclip) drilled into the tree and base. I recommend Gorilla Glue as the fixing glue.

Details on how to make grassy bases like can be found in this guide.

How to make Natural Armature Trees – Complete

How to Make Natural Armature Trees - Complete

Thank You

I hope you find this guide useful.

If you do have any questions or suggestions on how to improve it for others, then please do let me know.

Credit:- Luke @ Lukes APS on YouTube for product advice

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How to Make Natural Armature Trees
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How to Make Natural Armature Trees
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